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Tennessee Civil War History

Highlights of Civil War History in Tennessee

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A Historical Look into Civil War in Tennessee.

The 1860 Presidential election of Abraham Lincoln resulted in seven Southern states almost immediately declaring their secession from the Union.

The Civil War began just over a month after Lincoln took office in April of 1861 and by autumn Tennessee saw it's first taste of this bloody war; a war that would tear our state in two and pit family and friends against each other for the next 48 months.

1861 Civil War in Tennessee

Photo Credit: Library of Congress

In 1861,Tennessee State Convention met at Jackson in May and delegates voted 66 to 25 for secession, Tennessee secedes from the Union, and the first military action in Tennessee takes place by early autumn.

1862 Civil War in Tennessee

Photo Credit: Library of Congress
By years end, one of the bloodiest conflicts of the Civil War, the Battle of Stones River would take place and would amass casualties reaching at total of nearly 24,000.

1863 Civil War in Tennessee

Photo Credit: Tennessee Department of Tourist Development
Union Troops capture Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge and a Union supply chain is finally established going into Chattanooga. This essentially ended the Confederate control of Tennessee.

1864 Civil War in Tennessee

Photo Credit: Library of Congress

From the Raid on Memphis to the Fort Pillow Massacre, the still controversial Confederate Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest and his Calvary most definitely made a lasting impact on Civil War history in Tennessee.

1865 Civil War in Tennessee

Photo Credit: Library of Congress

President Lincoln was inaugurated for his second term with Tennessee Democrat, Andrew Johnson as his Vice President. General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant.

The Civil War is over and celebrations break out but within the week President Lincoln is assassinated.

1866 Civil War in Tennessee

Photo Credit: Tennessee Department of Tourism

The United States is united, once again - the Civil War casualties totaled over 620,000 Americans dying in the Civil War with another 50,000 survivors returning home as amputees.

The Volunteer State of Tennessee furnished more soldiers for the Confederate Army than any other state, and more soldiers for the Union Army than any other Southern state.

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