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Tennessee's 1865 Civil War Highlights
The 1860 Presidential election of Abraham Lincoln resulted in seven Southern states almost immediately declaring their secession from the Union.
The Civil War began just over a month after Lincoln took office in April of 1861 and by autumn Tennessee saw it's first taste of this bloody war; a war that would tear our state in two and pit family and friends against each other for the next 48 months.
General Hood Resigns
January 23rd, 1865
General John Bell Hood resigns his command.
13th Amendment Approved
January 31st, 1865
Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to abolish slavery.
Peace Conference Fails
February 3rd, 1865
A peace conference takes at Hampton Roads in Virginia in which President Lincoln meets with Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens. The meeting ends in failure and the Civil War continues.
March 4th, 1865
President Lincoln was inaugurated for his second term and Tennessee Democrat, Andrew Johnson as his Vice President.
General Lee Surrenders
April 9th, 1865
General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia.
April 10th, 1865
Celebrations break out in Washington.
April 14th, 1865
President Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth while attending a play at the Ford Theatre in Washington D.C.
April 15th, 1865
President Abraham Lincoln dies on the morning of April 15th and Vice President Andrew Johnson becomes President.
Army of Tennessee Surrenders
April 26th, 1865
Confederate General Joe Johnston meets for a third time (April 17th & 18th) with General William T. Sherman in North Carolina and negotiates the surrender of the Army of Tennessee.
In the largest surrender of the war, Johnston surrendered the Army of Tennessee along with all remaining Confederate forces still active in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina it totaled nearly 90,000 soldiers.
John Wilkes Booth Shot
April 26th, 1865
John Wilkes Booth is shot and killed in a tobacco barn in Virginia.
May 4th, 1865
Abraham Lincoln is laid to rest just outside of Springfield, Illinois in the Oak Ridge Cemetery.
May 5th, 1865
Confederate States of America is dissolved.
May 9th, 1865
Forrest's Cavalry Corps surrender and Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest gives his farewell address in Gainsville, Alabama to his troops.
General Forrest stated, "The armies of Generals Lee and Johnson having surrendered. You are the last of all the troops of the Confederate States Army east of the Mississippi River to lay down your arms."
May 23rd-24th, 1865
A victory parade is held in Washington along Pennsylvania Avenue.
Amnesty Proclamation Issued
May 29th, 1865
President Johnson issues a Amnesty Proclamation which gives amnesty and pardon to all Confederates willing to take an oath of allegiance.
May 31st, 1865
General John Bell Hood surrenders to Federal authorities in Natchez, Mississippi on May 31st, 1865.
13th Amendment Ratified
December 6th, 1865
13th Amendment is ratified and adopted into the U.S. Constitution and slavery is officially abolished.
Tennessee Civil War: 1866